An esteemed Antarctic explorer with a polar ice rise named after him died following a fall which left him with broken bones.
Highly-respected George Hemmen was living in a nursing home in Southport when he shattered his fibula and tibia, at the end of May.
The 94-year-old was admitted to Southport Hospital, but due to his age and frailty it was decided surgery was not the best option.
It was decided Mr Hemmen would be "treated conservatively," coroner's officer David Woodroofe said.
On June 7, Bootle Town Hall heard today, his condition had deteriorated and it was declared he was "likely to be dying."
Three days later, on June 10, he died.
The 94-year-old had a long and distinguished career as a meteorologist, first being stationed as a meteorological observer at Admiralty Bay – in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica – in 1952.
Mr Hemmen, born in London but who lived in his later years in Southport, served as a base leader at Deception Island, in the South Shetland Islands archipelago.
On his return to Britain, he planned to retrain as a surveyor but, in 1955, he was appointed by Falklands Islands Dependencies Survey to the post of stores officer to organise the Royal Society Antarctic Expedition.
That established Halley Bay base in 1956, part of the research facility in Antarctica operated by the British, used to study the Earth's atmosphere.
Measurements from Halley led to the discovery of the ozone hole in 1985.
Mr Hemmen retired in 1989.
Along with being member of the Royal Society, he was appointed honorary secretary of The Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research.
His exploits in his field meant the Hemmen Ice Rise, located off the northwest corner of Berkner Island in the Ronne Ice Shelf, was named after him.
In 1985, Mr Hemmen was awarded the Polar Medal for his outstanding contribution to Antarctic exploration and research.
Today, Mr Woofroofe said the 94-year-old was identified as having died by a staff nurse at Queenscourt Hospice in Southport.
Born in 1926, his occupation was listed in court as a "retired Antarctic explorer" who was widower to his late wife Margaret, a former bank clerk.
His fall on May 25 was not witnessed and after it happened Mr Hemmen told staff he had tumbled from his chair.
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The pensioner had a medical history of hypertension, atrial fibrillation and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 2004.
After Mr Hemmen was admitted to hospital, he was given morphine and another drug, but his condition deteriorated.
He was moved to the hospice on June 9, and died the following day.
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Mr Hemmen's cause of death was recorded as bilateral leg fractures, a recent fall and frailty.
A narrative conclusion was recorded by coroner Julie Goulding.